THE GREAT TRAIN ROBBERY (1903)
Director Edwin S Porter's embryonic Western was credited with being one of the first movies to follow a narrative..and kicked off the genre in fine style.
Though only 12 minutes long, he added innovations such as cross-cutting, double-exposure composite editing, camera movement and location shooting to capture a look that would become a Western staple.
The film features two masked gunmen robbing a mail train - including a fight on a moving carriage - and their pursuit by a posse into the mountains where justice is meted out.
Golden Nugget: Both Martin Scorsese in Goodfellas and Ridley Scott in American Gangster have paid cinematic tribute to the iconic image of a gunman firing a shot into the camera. It's also believed to have inspired the opening credit gun barrel sequence in the James Bond films.